I receive a lot of feedback on my article on comic strip creation, so I thought I would go the next step and provide a basic tutorial for creating cartoons. Please feel free to use, modify, edit, whatever. But, if you make a million dollars off of this, you owe me half ;).
If it is useful to you, please let me know. It’s always nice to know people appreciate the work.
Here is the ToonDoo Tutorial, titled: Getting Started with ToonDoo
A few weeks ago I had a teacher ask me how I know about ‘every single website’ out there (her words). Obviously I do not know every single site, but when I’m asked to do a presentation on a topic, like say creating cartoons, I look for as many sites as I can find. As a technology consultant, I want to know which sites are favourites of my own and decide which one or two I will recommend to teachers (and for what reasons). So, I usually start with a few go to sites that I’m familiar with, and simply do a “similar” search in google. Works great, and if you do a related/similar search for enough websites, you eventually find (almost) everything.
The most popular post in the short history of this blog was Get Your Students Stripping: A Simple Review of Online Comic Creation Websites back in May 2010. I wanted to honour it by posting some practice tips for teachers on how to utilize these sites. I’m not going to get into extensive details on ‘how’ and ‘when’ to use comics in your classroom. I’m simply trying to provide a little bit of inspiration here. I think that online comic creation sites are a great way to get students developing 21st century skills.
Reasons To Get Your Students Making Comic Strips/Books
1) It’s Fast! Online tools such as creaza and toondoo are so simple to use that you barely even need to show students how the tool works. It takes about 10 minutes to get a class logged in and show them the basic functions the very first time, and than they are working. If they have a good plan, it shouldn’t take very long to finish.
2) Students Have To Think! Science, Math, Social, or English, I can promise you students won’t easily find what you’re asking them to make. Students are forced to synthesize information, and create dialogue from facts. They also must be succinct, adding to the challenge.
3) Students Love It! I’ve gone into over a dozen classrooms to help out with doing cartooning in class. In both middle school and high school, kids love it! Now, if you make them do it all the time, I’m sure the appeal will quickly die, but it certainly is a different type of assignment for them. Everyone likes cartoons, and these websites take the challenge out of having to draw.
4) Its Accessible! Students who might struggle with a writing-heavy assignment due to low levels of literacy can still thrive, and show off what they know!
5) They Live On! On most websites, students not only create their comics but they can get feedback from others. It’s a whole new meaning for literacy, and a new challenge, to get people to rally around your message.
6) Rework and Reuse Old Assignments! You don’t have to come up with a brand new idea and toss out old assignments. Sometimes the easiest way to start making change to your practice is a simple modification. My first cartoon came from an old assignment, where I used to ask students to take on a historical figure in science and write a letter about their own thoughts/discoveries. Now the assignment requires students to create simple dialogue that will portray the same knowledge. Students are creating new stories instead of old reports, and including a visual literacy element as well.
How To Make It Successful In Your Classroom
1) Plan In The Classroom! Get students to plan before you let them ‘play’ on the computer. It is even better if you can give them a graphic organizer (table/chart) to help them. Get students to consider, for each slide: the background, the characters, the prompts, the dialogue. This is really where most of the thinking is going to occur, and so we want them to spend some time here.
2) Show Them How It Works, Before They Plan! I know, I just said planning has to happen first, and that is true, we want students to learn the value of planning ahead. But the planning will be much easier for them if they know how the tool works, what kinds of characters they can choose, backgrounds, prompts, etc.
3) Make Them Explain! Actually, I have students do this for every kind of assignment. When students justify choices they’ve made (and when they know that they will have to justify choices in advance of making them), they tend to put more thought into what they do. They seem to become more conscious of their choices.
Good luck ‘stripping’ in your classroom. If you haven’t tried it yet, I think you’ll really love it. If you’ve used it before I hope I still have given you something to think about. And don’t forget to check out my other blog post where I recommended toondoo and creaza to see why I liked them.
I would like to thank Susana Gerndt, who is my partner from 8am-5pm. This article was written on my own but the ideas have come from work that both her and I have done over the past year.
About a year ago someone asked me for software suggestions to create comic strips. At the time I had no personal experience making these digital comics other then seeing some of the comics created by students and colleagues. Turns out there is a lot of interest in using comics in the classroom, so I started doing some research. At this point I have put together a few PD sessions for teachers on comic creation (focused more on the pedagogy and less on the tool, mind you) and have of course created many on my own.
I really have no desire to create reviews of websites and online services, but a niche market like this has very little information and I’m sure others can benefit from my own experiences. This article isn’t about the pedagogy or appropriateness of using comics in the classroom. That will come at a later time. The goal of this article simply is to look at some online comic creation sites, and compare their capabilities.
Creaza.com – Choice for Primary/Elementary: Easiest to Use!
Backgrounds: Each theme seems to have about 6 or so (on average) different backgrounds, and I think free accounts (I have a premium account that costs $) have 5 different themes to choose from. Some of the outdoor backgrounds have a night or day option, but any further customization of the graphic backgrounds doesn’t seem possible.
Characters: Creaza lacks the ability to create your own avatar, but it makes up for this by having enough free art to keep you going for a while. Choose from themes, scenery, objects and characters. Most characters are provided in multiple positions (about half a dozen positions or so) and you do get the option to choose their expression (happy, sad, or normal). All of these changes are very easy to implement. For the most part everything is drag and drop.
Objects: In each theme there are a few different objects available for use. Objects can be moved around and resized, and their layers are easily shifted to come forward or go backwards.
Personal Art/Media: There are a few simple drawing tools in Creaza, as well as you can upload your own images and artwork. Everything you upload will be saved as your own media, and is available to you when needed.
User Interface: The user interface of Creaza is incredibly familiar and intuitive. The layout reminds me of the look and feel of Microsoft Office 2007/2010. This means that both students and teachers will need little instruction on how to use creaza tools, assuming they are familiar with MS Office suite.
As mentioned already, Creaza comic software has its strengths in its look and feel. The intuitive and familiar user interface will make the tool become transparent, allowing students to focus on content and creativity rather then on the tool itself. So despite some of the lack of control (compared to tools such as toondoo), I highly recommend Creaza for those who are working on simple comics, or are concerned with usability.
Pixton is another fantastic online software. It impresses me that programmers are able to build so much control into a web based tool, and this speaks to the power of flash. I imagine that this site is taking advantage of the bone tool offered in flash CS4, but I’m not programmer, so I’m just taking a stab at that.
Backgrounds: There are only a couple dozen different backgrounds offered by pixton, but they are customizable and zoomable. I’m sure you will have many more options if you upgrade to Pixton+ or earn enough credits, but I didn’t bother to check. I knew from the initial few hours working with the software that I didn’t want to pay for it, as it didn’t fit my own needs
Characters: There is so much control over characters in pixton that as far as I am concerned it is the biggest reason to include the website in this review. You can manipulate character limbs easily, giving them pretty much any posture you can imagine. You have fine control over foot and hand positions, head tilt and turn and even eye position. And of course you have similar control as other software options to choose eyebrows, hair styles, shape of face, ear shape and other facial features. The character control is amazing but it is easy to spend an hour just playing around and learning what you can do, which may become a problem during assignments when time is limited.
Objects: The objects are well organized into genres and there are quite a number of options. The graphics look good and are easy to manipulate
User Interface: The user interface isn’t anything to brag about. Controls are simple in the sense that there are only a few, but it seems less intuitive then other sites. Some users will find the UI unclear and therefore ineffective.
There is no doubt in my mind that pixton offers immense control over characters and objects rivaled by no other service reviewed in this article. Unfortunately, in my experience, too much control isn’t always a good thing. Students can become easily distracted and overwhelmed, and the rigorous academic nature of an assignment gets lost somewhere along the journey. For advanced students or for courses where body language is an important part of student communication, pixton would be the ultimate stripping tool, but in most cases it is just too over the top. I would only recommend pixton.com in situations where students have abundant time to work on their comic.
Toondoo – Overall Favorite Choice
Toondoo is a fantastic product that has been created with what seems to be a vision to easily create fabulous comics from a simple one slide cartoon to a 3 slide strip. Mutlipe slides and strips can then be placed together in the book maker to put short comics together into a longer story.
Backgrounds: Toondoo has dozens of free backgrounds to choose from, and they are logically arranged in categories. The backgrounds can be zoomed in and out as well as changed to grey-scale to give you that extra little bit of creative control. The included backgrounds are diverse enough to allow you to tell pretty much any story you can think of without having to go to a third party art or graphic provider.
Characters: Characters, just as the backgrounds are organized into categories such as men, women, kids, animals, etc. Once within the categories you will be pleased with the number of choices. Each character is provided with different stances, and further posture customization is available on the toolbar provided. Users can also change the expression (happy, sad, angry, etc) and the color of the characters using the same toolbar. You will not be bored with the characters provided, but if you want to have more control you can use the TraitR tool to create your own characters easily and quickly. The characters you create are saved to your profile and can be used across your projects.
Objects: Just as with the other features, props or objects are abundant and are organized into genres. Again, you have control over size, color and orientation.
Personal Art/Media: There is a tool called DoodleR built into toondoo. THis allows users to draw their art witha reasonable amount of control over the tools. Users can also import images and graphics from the web or upload them from your hard drive for use across your projects. These features will not dissappoint.
User Interface: Considering the amount of control that toondoo provides, it is surprisingly easy to use. Even less-then-tech-saavy teachers will be able to navigate through the tools and find what is required. Though less familiar then creaza, users will quickly become comfortable with the heirachy of the tools, buttons, and controls.
If it isn’t obvious already, I will be explicit. Toondoo.com is an amazing tool. Even though many of the other sites offer great (and sometimes unique) features and layouts, toondoo is just so powerful yet easy to use, it stands out from the crowd. Not only does it allow for free registration (for now), it also offers toondoo spaces which is a pay for service feature that provides a safe environment for your students to work in. For this reason it allows teachers with no budget to use it, as well as those with some extra funding to create a safer more private space for their students. For these reason I highly recommend this tool for classrooms from middle school through and including high school.
These are somewhere between comic strips and the cartoons created in xtranormal. Characters and objects are animated. There are many animations, gestures, and expressions that characters can have. This is a simple tool to use. You can also build your own characters, or use ones that exist. one problem is that it is built off of a points system so users do not have full access to the software capabilities from the get-go.
Backgrounds: Dozens of backgrounds, and unlike other websites, they sometimes have layerd properties, allowing you to hide a character behind a tree or other background objects. This will allow you to create much more sophisticated stories compared to what can be done on many other tools
Characters: It is really easy to make your own characters. Additionally, there are many great existing characters as well. Some pre-created characters require GoBucks, but if you search characters by genre, there are lots of great options. Political Science or History classes can take advantage of many important figures that are characterized.
Objects: There is a vast array of objects available, with many genres to choose from.
Personal Art/Media: Upload backgrounds, characters, objects, music. Upload from the web, your own computer, or from social networks such as flikr or facebook.
User Interface: Simple and predictable, very natural to use. Gives you a timeline of each of the slides from your comic
Animation: GoAnimate, as the name indicates, allows you to easily animate your comics. Choose from lists of animations to create entertaining comics. Animations include different expressions, movements and gestures that can include walking, dancing, motions of excitement, talking and dozens of other options. You have to see it to appreciate the capabilities of this tool
This is really a good tool, and as they attempt to create new versions or spaces for classroom use teachers will find this to be a valuable resource. Infact I just received information today from a colleague of mine (@dannymaas on twitter) about some trials that are taking place in my school district that so far have been very successful. There is much fun to be had when creating your cartoon in GoAnimate, and it really isn’t too time consuming compared to something such as toondoo. A quick 15 minute lesson or some tutorial videos will get your students animating in no time.
The cartoons created here are very simple black and white pencil drawings. They are simple, and cartoons are only a few slides long, taking away the opportunity to create full stories if necessary. This tool is easy to use but lacks control. A number of characters to choose from, each drawn with their own expressions. Does have a print function, so easy to print in B&W. Doesn’t have the extensive artwork that other programs have, doesn’t have the props and backgrounds, so much less visually appealing. Much more focused on the text involved.
Backgrounds: Backgrounds? You don’ t need no stinkin’ backgrounds! Well at least I hope not. If so, move along.
Characters: 20 Character options are provided, and you can choose their emotion, which means they have a different expression, stance, and sometimes clothing. There really aren’t a lot of options here.
Objects: Objects? You dont’ need no sti…. Ok, you get the point. Move along.
User Interface: I found the UI to be less intuitive compared to other websites, yet also offering you less control over characters. It is bizarre, I know.
Ok, so based off of the amount I have written here, you can tell that there isn’t much too MakeBeliefsComix. It creates very simple comics with very few options. Sure, you could make some great insightful stories with this tool, but why not use something that takes it to the next level, and does an impressive job at the same time. With so many other good options out there I would just skip right over this tool.
Strip Generator is a fun tool that allows you to create simple black and white (mostly) comics. You can choose from one row, two row, or full page comic layouts giving you the option to create stories of many lenghts. Users have the additional option of creating custom frame layouts, which is unique to Strip Generator.
Backgrounds: With strip generator, there are no backgrounds, you just use the white background of the sheet.
Characters: There are a lot of characters, both people and ‘beings’. It is fun to see the dozens and dozens of options. The downside is that each character is often only offered in one form, with no ability to change their posture or facial expressions.
Objects: There are a few dozen objects and shapes available. Customizing is simple, allowing you to change their size, rotation, opacity and blur (unique to Strip Generator in this review).
User Interface: The UI is predictable, allowing users to easily make any possible changes and requiring little instruction on how to use the website.
Strip Generator is a pretty interesting site. The user interface of Strip Generator is seemless, and amongst my favorite of all the sites I have used. Strip Generator also offers some unique options (blurred objects and custom frame layouts). This uniqueness and beautiful UI make it an interesting tool but when combined with the lack of backgrounds, missing controls over character creation, and the inability to add your own media, Strip Generator just doesn’t stack up against the competition.
From what I can tell Xtranormal is a unique tool (I haven’t spent much time searching, but if you know of something similar please comment below, I’d love to see it). It allows you to use 3D digital backgrounds and characters. The product is more of a digital film then a comic strip. Users choose characters, assign gestures, camera angles, choose a voice, and type in text. The xtranormal servers then go render your movie and the product actually has your characters speak the text. Very fascinating. One concern with this site (a bit more so then others) is that I have come across many cartoons that would be inappropriate for even secondary students to be watching in school.
Backgrounds: In Xtranormal you choose from a variety of pre-made themes. Once the them is chosen you then have your options of backgrounds and characters to choose from. The backgrounds look good, and there are enough options to satisfy your creative juices for quite some time.
Characters: The character options are different depending on the theme you have chosen, but generally you get many options (a few dozen) for characters both male and female. Choosing the characters voice, expressions and gestures make this much more entertaining and engaging for the user.
Sounds: Not only do the characters speak through computer generated voices, you can also embed various types of sounds. Simply choose from the dozens provided and you can enrich your animation. Additionally, you can upload up to two simultaneous sound tracks for ambient sound and music.
User Interface: This is another well though out tool that is very intuitive. With a good plan and a thorough introduction to Xtranormal, users can create a rich, entertaining animation in a single class.
Animations, sounds generated voices, camera angles…all these add up to to what is truely a one of a kind experience. This is a fantastic tool but unfortunately (at the time that I reviewed the site) there is no pay-for-service option that would provide a safe place for students and teachers to work. Hopefully in the near future Xtranormal will create some sort of safer educational version that we can use with our students. I do know of some teachers though that have happily used Xtranormal with their High school students. Some teachers, with the right class, may feel confident that students will be mature enough to deal with and ignore the innapproriate content on Xtranormal and stay engaged in the assignment.
This is really designed for young artists, where students can draw their own art. Students can also upload art from their computer or from the web. The layout and tools are simple but if the point of an assignments isn’t to be a proficient artist then this tool may not be appropriate. I am not a digital any kind of artist so I will not speak to the usefulness of the artistic tools.
Bitstrips – Secondary Winner
Bitstrips is very similar to toondoo with regards to the style of control it provides. It is also incredibly easy to use and offers a good amount of art.
Backgrounds: Backgrounds are the only downfall to bitstrips. While there are a number of options, they aren’t great, and they aren’t well organized. I’m not sure why bitstrips has chosen to neglect this area, but from what I could tell, they have. Every other tool in bitstrips offers organization by genre, as well the art in other categories is much nicer. It’s not that the backgrounds are terrible, it is just that they aren’t to the same calibre as the rest of the art, nor is the organization. This doesn’t prevent you from being able to make some fantastic comics quickly and easily.
Characters: Characters are easy to make, or you can choose from a few that already exist. You can choose features down to details such as eye brows and lips, and you can make different versions of your character to have different expressions such as happy, surprised or sad. Avatar creation is excellent and well thought out within bitstrips.com
Objects: There are many, many objects to choose from, and they are very well sectioned off into usable categories. Objects can be copied, twisted, blown up, moved around and shrunk down easily with the tools provided. You can also choose from pretty much any color within the color palette.
User Interface: The user interface is so similar to that of toondoo it feels silly to say anything about it. In sum, the tools within toondoo become transparent after only a few minutes within the tool. It is easy enough that even upper elementary students could use this with little direction at all.
After using both toondoo and bitstrips it is exciting to see that there are some great options for teachers and their students. It’s really hard to say which one is better, so I’ve given them both winner status. Toondoo receives the slight edge due to providing marginally better graphics, organization and control.
I thought I would be able to make a clear and obvious decision on which software is ‘best’ to use, but I honestly can’t do that. Goanimate creates beautiful comics, creaza is so simple to use and offers an ecosystem of online creative software, and bitstrips is a great pay option which provides more security. The bottom line is that any of these sites can be great in your classroom if you have the pedagogy to back it up.
Please comment below and tell me about your own experiences with these sites, some other great comic stripping sites, or how this review may be helpful.
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